If your aim is to cleanse your body, make yourself a glass of nourishing dandelion green smoothie, and achieve your dream goal right away. Loose-leaf lettucâ¦ Often referred to as white cabbage, bok choy is a type of Chinese cabbage that comes in a variety of shapes, colors, sizes, and tastes. spoon cabbage, Uses: Cooked in stir-fried Chinese dishes. For instance, fresh and delicate leaves were served in salads while the tough, slightly bitter ones were properly cooked before they were served with oil and vinegar. This is the reason why Min used to consume lettuce as a holy food for improving his sexual drive. It is crispy-textured with a slightly bitter taste and is sold as âheartsâ or whole heads in North America. Seeded lettuce may be planted 2 to 3 weeks earlier. Available in bunches, watercress is mostly popular in the US. ), and strengths. Apart from the popular lettuce types, like romaine and iceberg, there is a wide range of lettuce varieties available in different colors, textures, and flavors. Other names: Watercress, curly cress, land Romaine lettuce is another popular variety, especially as the key ingredient of Caesar salads. The five varieties of lettuce that can be grown in the garden include the following: Start iceberg lettuce via seed directly sown 18-24 inches apart or started indoors and then thinned 12-14 inches between heads. Americans termed the long-leaf lettuce “Romaine” which is also known as “cos” or “cos lettuce”. While this does not detract from the nutrition, it can cause runny stools. fetticus, Uses: Mixes well with shallot vinaigrette. type of leafy greens, the Mizuna is characterized by spiky, green leaves, Other Boston lettuce and bibb lettuce are among the most popular types of lettuce known as butterleaf lettuces. It is perfect for all kinds of salads. Soon enough, the Chinese developed a liking for these thick, luscious leaves and in no time, lettuce was being used as a fundamental food ingredient. Another butterhead variety with soft green leaves that are Deer tongue has a unique shape; it forms a loose head with slightly pointed leaves that resemble, as the name suggests, a tongue. Different types of lettuce are used most often for salads but they show up in recipes for everything from soups and sandwiches and wraps. I canât imagine Korean BBQ without lettuce. They consist of large, loosely packed leaves joined at a stem. It is believed that this type of lettuce was first harvested on the Greek Island of Cos which pretty much explains why it has been named âcosâ. From aiding in digestion to eliminating inflammation from your body to providing cardiovascular support, the miraculous green is an essential vegetable. There is a reason why kale is famed as “the queen of greens”. Your email address will not be published. Chefs and. Radicchio is a staple in Italian cooking which explains why this red beauty is often called “Italian chicory”. The types of lettuce they grew had separate leaves rather than heads. Regardless of the variety, lettuce is full of antioxidants, dietary fiber, water, and other essential nutrients while being low in calories. Lambs’ lettuce, also known as mache or corn salad, comes with a lovely appearance and texture. ârah-dick-ee-yoâ, this purple vegetable has either an oval or compact round Transplants should be planted near the last frost-free date for the growing area. The butterhead lettuce has soft, buttery-textured leaves forming small, loosely-folded heads, while having a sweet, delicious flavor. Some of the regular dishes that would taste more scrumptious with spinach include casserole, pasta, and soup. Frisee (pronounced as “free-zay”) is one of the varieties of endive. âNevadaâ (48 days) produces heavy yields of crisp green leaves in spring and summer. It wouldn’t be wrong to claim it as a superfood, given that it is abundant with nutrition such as protein, minerals, vitamins, and calcium. For your information, this group features other types of healthy vegetables as well such as broccoli, kale, turnips, and cabbage. Although it is small in size, it offers impressive advantages. A distinct type of loose leaf lettuce, oak leaf has a subtle flavor similar to regular loose leaf, but with smaller, deeply lobed leaves. But again, these arenât technically lettuce: Baby kale is a type of cabbage, and arugula is in the mustard family, while lettuce belongs to the daisy family. It gets its name from the fact that the leaves look like leaves from an oak tree. japonica. This will be enough for a row of frisee to rise, yielding up to 7 heads. When roasted or grilled, its taste becomes sweeter and its color turns The addition of spinach in your daily diet will help manage diabetes, lower your blood pressure, prevent cancer and asthma, and promote proper digestion. There are four main types of lettuce: crisphead (commonly known as iceberg), romaine, loose-leaf and butterhead. Although romaine and iceberg are the most common types, many varieties exist â each with their own unique flavors and nutritional properties. vinaigrette. Romaine lettuce should be fed in moderation as it contains more water. From Rome, this seasonal vegetable traveled to China during the 5th century. leaves that are either shorter and rounded or long and spiked. Watercress, with a botanical name – Nasturtium officinale, is quite an overlooked variety of lettuce that promises numerous health benefits. It is more The leaves of oak leaf lettuce can grow in both small and large sizes. Initially, this fresh vegetable was wild and bitter in taste. of butterhead lettuce containing soft, supple, and pale green leaves forming Romaine lettuces offer the best of both worlds with leaves that are sweet and tender at the tips, crunchy and slightly bitter at the base. Iceberg/Crisphead lettuce â Crisp and hardy (though not as flavorful as other lettuces), iceberg or crisphead lettuce is the most popular type in the US, it is very heat-sensitive and was originally adapted for growth in the northern US. and risotto, the leaves are also stewed. Mizuna is a type of mustard green that shares ties with the members of Brassica family such as cauliflower, broccoli, mustard, turnip, and rutabaga. Mizuna is often combined with other greens to enhance the overall flavor. This is why endive is a must-have ingredient in salads; one bite of it and you will take endless pleasure in its solid crunch and twist. These types of greens are a great addition to salads, sukiyaki, shabu-shabu, and all kinds of soups. Uses: Works well as a salad green and a in salads, on sandwiches, and garnished in snacks. Other names: Lambsâ lettuce, field lettuce, Its soft leaves add a bit of crunchiness along with a delicate Lettuces meant for the cutting of individual leaves are generally planted straight into the garden in thick rows. Other names: Italian cress, roquette, rucola, They are excellent for creating cups for holding other foods and provide great presentation appeal. it makes excellent cups for ground shrimp or chicken. The Egyptians started growing their own lettuce in a way that became more palatable. Hence, you can easily grow your own romaine in your garden. © 2020 (Only Foods). As an alternative, Hunnes recommends making your life easier by simply purchasing mixed greens, which might contain some combination of most of the above-mentioned lettuces. Heading varieties of lettuces are commonly started in flats, then transplantedto individual spots, usually 20 to 36 cm (7.9 to 14.2 in) apart, in the garden after developing several leaves. Traditionally, it serves as a great topping for pizzas, pasta, soups, and stews. Because of its slightly bitter taste, it Being so compact, itâs extremely popular for small spaces, like container and window box gardens. names: Head lettuce, iceberg lettuce, Uses: Shredded To avoid insâ¦ Firm-headed types: Plant 16 inches apart. Otherwise, the exquisite-looking lambs’ lettuce can snap into pieces. Other than cooking purposes, the seeds were normally used for medicines and mummification. Arugula often comes in long, spiky shape but it also common to come across shorter and more rounded ones. resistant to a warmer climate, staying crispier than other lettuce varieties. Some like its sharp, bitter taste which is why they prefer to consume it raw while those with a simpler taste palate can cook them with other sweet ingredients to balance out the overall flavor. Batavian lettuces are heavier feeders than butterheads, looseleaf, and cos varieties, so boost the organic fertilizers. What they all share is loose leaves that are attached together at the base. Just like the Greeks, the Romans made the most of the medicinal properties of lettuce. For salad dressing with mustard vinaigrette, can be used in other delicious food items as. They all share is loose leaves that hold better in the United States, an agricultural... Have sexual connotations in ancient times why Min used to consume lettuce as salad... Greeks, the Belgian endive with its fresh crunchy texture, we break down 13 common and! In bunches, watercress is mostly popular in Italian cooking which explains why this red beauty is often with... 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