Kyoda Sensei learned this kata from Yabu Sensei. From the lowly ranked samurai law enforcer to the high ranking Samurai police officers all of these carried Jitte like a badge. Sells (2000) suggests that the kata came to Itosu Sensei via a master of the Tomari-te lineage named Gusukuma, but a master named Gusukuma is not found on any of the popular Tomari-te charts. Jitte can sometimes have a hidden stiletto in the hilt. Hanashiro Sensei performs Morote Gedan Tsuki. As a form of protection palace guards carries a non-bladed weapon called Jitte. The history of Jitte (ten hands) is very clouded, but most agree that the kata developed in Tomari, but probably originated in China. It is interesting to see how he associated the kata Jitte and Jion in his books in 1922, 1925, and 1935. In feudal Japan, it was considered a crime punishable by death to bring a sword inside the Shogun’s palace. Jion is 慈恩. Funakoshi sensei tells us that the name implies that a person skilled in this form is as competent in fighting as ten men. I lied very much. The History of the Heian Kata The Heian (Peaceful/Calm Mind) kata originated in Okinawa where they were known as the Pinan kata. Like its sister kata Jion and Ji’in, Jitte begins with the kamae of the left hand covering the right fist which may suggest roots in ancient Kung Fu. One of the big defining points in karate’s history was after the fateful invasion of the Satsuma Samurai in 1609. It is perhaps interesting that Higa Seitoku Sensei (Bugeikan) also had the Jion in his very extensive Kata curriculum. In the preceding paragraphs, we discussed some possible theories about the early history of this kata group, and we were able to see that many details can’t be clearly reconstructed today. Juli 2018 At that time Jiin was not part of Funakoshi Sensei's official teaching program. Allegedly, the origin of the kata lies in a Chinese Shaolin monastery called Jion-ji. Today these kata are trained among others in the following schools: Shito-ryu by Mabuni Kenwa (1888 - 1952), Kobayashi-ryu by Chibana Choshin (1885 - 1969), here only the Jion, in the Shudokan by Toyama Kanken (1888 - 1966) and Shotokan by Funakoshi Gichin (1868 - 1957). In 1945, Toyama Sensei awarded him the Shihan Menkyo. The distinctive yama uke are said to resemble the Japanese three-pronged jitte (like the Okinawan sai), which is one possible interpretation of the name. * Suparinpei : known as "108 hands," representing the 108 evil spirits of man. Brief History. ... Jitte. Jiin is the kata that only a small number of Toyama Sensei's students have received. Due to the critical attitude towards Itosu Sensei’s karate, it is quite conceivable that they didn’t want to learn any “new” kata from Itosu Sensei and that both learned Jion from Matsumura Sensei. Even after Toyama Sensei’s death Higa Sensei visited many Shudokan Embukai meetings in Japan. by Joe Swift. To master these Shotokan Karate katas, you will also have to learn basic Shotokan stances, Karate kicks, Karate blocks, Karate punches, etc. When Funakoshi Sensei began teaching karate in Japan in 1922, he taught a total of 15 kata, subdividing kata into Shorei or Shorin kata. History The origins and meaning of Jitte are shrouded in mystery, but its name and starting salutation (resonant with Chinese boxing) place it firmly alongside Jion and Jiin as a collection. It translates into: speciality, pride, triumph aka your best! Shotokan Kata – Jitte. Juni 2018 2/1/2005: Umezawa’s Jitte’s activated ability generates a modal choice. Kyan Sensei not only studied under Matsumora Sensei but also under Oyadomari Kokan Sensei (1827 - 1905) and Maeda Peichin Gichio Sensei (1826 - 1890). Some experts suggest that Jitte can be traced to ancient Kung Fu. The second in a series of three katas the name Jitte implies that once a student has mastered this kata they should be able to defend themselves with the hands of ten men. This page provides videos and instructions for Shotokan Karate kata – Jitte. It is interesting to see how he associated the kata Jitte and Jion in his books in 1922, 1925, and 1935. Roots Of Shotokan: Funakoshi's Original 15 Kata Part 3 - Seisan, Wanshu, Chinto, Jitte & Jion Kata. There are two kiai points in Jitte, the first one occurs on the last jodan-yoko-uchi-barai (upper level side sweeping block) at the top of the embusen (line of attack). , in whose school the kata are said to have played a minor role. You're right. Many do not name Nagahama either and according to Choki Motobu, when Itosu left Matsumura he first went to Nagahama. Februar 2019 II, is classified as Neh Ka Ryu. JITTE – “Ten Hands”. When Funakoshi Sensei began teaching karate in Japan in 1922, he taught a total of 15 kata, subdividing kata into Shorei or Shorin kata. The Morote Soto Uke of Gichin Funakoshi is very „exact“. Oktober 2018 Its pronounced: (toe ku eee) *Kata has been described as the soul of karate. Those listed below the red line are the rest of the 26 Shotokan kata. Even within the Shotokan style, this kata … The kata consists of kicks, punches, sweeps, strikes, blocks, and throws. Both are known to have not greatly appreciated the changes that Itosu Sensei made, for example the group instruction, the development and introduction of the Pinan kata, and the associated transformation of martial arts into physical exercise. Furthermore, the blog should serve to give you new historical insights immediately, so you do not have to wait for the second edition of my book. Further information can be found in my unpublished book on Jitte, Jion and Jiin (2007) and in my book "The Kata of the Shudokan", planned for the year 2022. partially identical or similar techniques, the same initial syllable „Ji“ in the name. There are several schools in existence today that teaches this practice. At least Jion could be a kata Matsumura Sensei was familiar with. It can also be plain. Is it possível nas how tô bit the book? Kata practice trains the mind and body for a wide variety of movement and is an excellent form of exercise, memorization, and visualization. Jitte; Jion; The Pinan Series. Chinto kata has a fascinating history and it is necessary to have some understanding of that history if we are to understand the kata itself. This kata is particularly effective in dealing with stick attacks such as a bo or a jo. The illustrations show the initial movements of the Jion (Hanashiro) and the Jiin (Konishi). The kata has very moves, associated with defence against a staff. 2 Kata + 3 Bunkai from each Kata SHISOCHIN, SHINPA, JION, NISEISHI Kumite – 2 bouts or lppon Kumite (at the discretion of grading officer) 4th dan. On Okinawa the kata for the first time appear in the kata curriculum of Itosu Anko Sensei (1830 – 1915). Although Toyama Sensei did not present these three kata in his books, these kata have been preserved in some of his students' schools, as shown in the table below. There Higa Sensei also studied under Chibana Sensei and under Nakama Sensei. The man in the photo is not Itosu Sensei. This kata is also said to have represented a band of 108 warriors that travelled the Chinese countryside in the 17th century, performing 'Robin Hood'-type tasks of doing good deeds, giving to the poor, and so on. The kata listed above the red line are the 15 kata listed in Gichin Funakoshi's "Karate-do Kyohan" (not including Taikyoku). Pinan Shodan, Naifanchin Shodan, Juroku, etc. Two disciples and later assistants to Itosu Sensei, Hanashiro Chomo Sensei (1869-1945) and Yabu Kentsu Sensei (1863-1937), had Jion in their kata program. I do not believe it is possible to reconstruct the history of where the kata came from any more than it is possible to reconstruct the ancient Tower of Babel from the remnants found in Babylon. Hanashiro Chomo generally performs the Kata much more combative. Konishi executes the movement as it is practiced today in most schools (Shito-ryu, Shotokan, Shudokan, etc.). 2. When we compare Kururunfa with the other kata Higaonna learned under his instructor (Ryu Ru Ko Sensei ) in China you will note that Kururunfa is performed relatively quick and fast. The Shito Ryu and Itosu Kai sensei, Ryusho Sakagami (1915-1993) believed that the three 'J kata' were Itosu's reformulation of older Tomari kata, since lost. Today I would like to share some thoughts on the historical development of these three kata. Kata are the formal exercises of traditional karate. It is better to describe Japanese in the name of the Katas. Throughout the 1800s the Meiji Restoration was taking hold and karate on Okinawa was developing into three nebulous, sometimes interweaving prongs: Shuri Te, Naha Te, and Tomari Te. Jitte (or Jutte) means "Ten Hands." Kururunfa is an advanced kata brought back from China by way of Kanryo Higaonna. Mastery of the kata is supposed to imply that the karateka is able to perform the actions of ten men, further inferring that one has the ability to fight off ten armed opponents. September 2018 In this blog I would like to answer some of your questions about the book. SHOTOKAN KATA. This was carried by all levels of police officers. There are only three students who have taught all three kata: Hiramatsu Sensei, Ichikawa Sensei and Tsuchiya Sensei. On the one hand, however, this theory contradicts the fact that Jitte, Jiin, and Jion kata can’t be found in Tomari-te, and on the other hand, Kyan Chotoku (1870 - 1945) should have integrated the three kata into his kata curriculum. As we know, the kata Jion was one of Hanashiro Sensei's favourite kata. Editor's Note: This three part series examines the roots of Shotokan karate through Gichin Funakoshi's 15 original kata. He kept his students on the basic ones before they progressed to the more advanced forms. This does not exclude palace guards. For your consideration, Great article though I enjoyed it! Creator of this kata is unknown.’ Jitte’ can be translated as ‘ten hands’. The reason for this is that it was observed that the style use can be found in karate with some grappling techniques thrown in. In addition, there are a variety of photos and interesting stories that have not found entry into the book. It came from the same person as kata Chinto (and Chinte and Jitte) came from; the castaway known as Chinto and Anan. As a form of protection palace guards carries a non-bladed weapon called Jitte. As a rule of thumb the better the designs are the higher the rank of the officer that uses it. Info about "Jitte (kata) video". The kata has very moves, associated with defence against a staff. Some believes this Kata was originated in Shaolin Temple in Honan, China. Unfortunately, it is not known how these kata found their way into the karate of Itosu Sensei. This can be as short as 12 inches or more than 24 inches in length. Jitte is 十手、 The kata Jion can also be found in Toon-ryu by Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei (1887 - 1968). At that time, emphasis was placed on effectiveness; today, due to a lack of understanding for the kata bunkai, the emphasis in many schools is on the stylish execution of kata. The history of Jitte (ten hands) is very clouded, but most agree that the kata developed in Tomari, but probably originated in China. April 2018. 2 Kata + 2 Bunkai from each Kata WANSHU, ANNANKO, JITTE, SEISAN Kumite – 2 bouts or lppon Kumite (at the discretion of grading officer) 3rd dan. Some schools only teach this for those who ranked 3rd dan. This character also apparently taught the kata Chinto (Gankaku), Chinte and Jitte to various Okinawan karate experts. This can be decorated lavishly with all manners of inlays. Further, On page 18 of his text (reprinted as "Tote Jitsu" in 1925) Funakoshi states, "It is confirmed through written documents and collections that .....(2) ASATO followed MATSUMURA and ITOSU followed GUSUKUMA, according to what has been told through generations." I have already found some mistakes myself and will revise the article in the next few weeks in some places. This is an advanced Shotokan kata. Januar 2019 Sip Soo - this Kata is known as "Jitte" in Karate-Do, and as Great Grandmaster Hwang Kee explained in Vol. From there, Kanazawa believes the Jion kata were spread into the Tomari region. Each kyu grade or colour belt has a grading kata that relates to the basics and level of Karate that the student is training towards. Regrettably, very little is known about the history of the kata group Jitte, Jiin and Jion. The choice is made when the ability is activated. The Pinan katas were developed by Anko Itosu in the early 1900s. If Jitte, Jiin, and Jion were actually Tomari-te kata, then it's surprising why Kyan Sensei should not have learned these set of kata. It was then that records and stories began to take shape in meaningful ways. The original name was Jutte, meaning 'ten' (ju) 'hands' (te) but is most commonly referred to nowadays as Jitte though the meaning of 'Ten Hands' has remained. Which theories are conceivable? Good article however just because we can not find Gusukuma on modern charts does not mean the influence was not there. However, Itosu Sensei might also have learned the kata from a Shuri-te or Tomari-te teacher unknown to us, or, like Yabu Sensei and Hanashiro Sensei, he has learned the Jion from Matsumura Sensei and developed the other two forms himself. If it is plain this means the owner is a low ranking officer. Often referred to as the “Soul of Karate,” kata encapsulates the techniques, movements, and spirit of the art. Jitte, Jiin and Jion have survived in the schools of some of Itosu Sensei’s students. Mastering this defense technique can help an individual ward off stick attacks. The table shows that the he clearly assigned Jion to be Shorei-ryu, the kata Jitte, however, 1922 and 1935 the Shorei-ryu, 1925 but the Shorin-ryu was assigned. Their origin is thought to be from the Tomari-te school, however Hirokazu Kanazawa speculates that the Jion kata were devised in the Jionji 慈恩寺, the Jion temple, where martial arts were famously practiced. The movements of Hanashiro Chomo are on the other side more realistic and his fists reminds us to the movements of the 19th century western boxers. Jitte jutsu is a technique used to ward off against an opponent using weapons. It is a matter of training the mind and body to face the enemy and danger without fear. This made Jitte a good form of protection for these palace guards. * Jitte: another Tomari-te kata of the Jion kata group; the name means "10 hands." As for the Japanese martial arts using this weapon, this is known as Juttejutsu. August 2018 This different and obviously wrong assignment - all kata start with the Shaolin greeting and the techniques of all three kata whites clearly on a Shorin origin - shows us that Funakoshi Sensei had not been aware of the origin of the kata and that he did not recognize Jitte and Jion as part of a kata set. Mai 2018 In 1951, Higa Sensei went back to Okinawa. The Kata’s name Jitte which means “the strength of 10 men” gives it away. JITTE. The last few paragraphs have shown that the kata group Jite, Jiin, Jion has also spread among the students of Toyama Sensei and that the Jion for many masters was a very important kata and that Jion is the most widespread kata of the kata group. He and Matsumora Kosaku Sensei (1829-1898) had been training together around 1873 and he could have learned the three kata from Matsumora Sensei in addition to Wankan, Wanshu, Wandou and Rohai. ).However, if you have any questions about a particular kata movement, please check with your instructor because kata instructions and the order of katas can vary by school and organization. Higa Sensei could have learned the Kata Jion from Toyama Sensei, but also from Chibana Sensei or Nakama Sensei. There are 26 standard Shotokan Kata. Jitte – History, and Origins. In 2006 I wrote a book about the kata group Jitte (temple hand), Jion (temple sound) and Jiin (temple floor). This Kata was introduced to Shorin Ryu by Master Shinpan Gusukuma (Shiroma). The same technique is performed by Funakoshi Sensei as Gedan Juji Uke (Cross Block). Thank you for your feedback and comments. Jion is the kata taught by a great number of Toyama Sensei students. List of Shito-Ryu Karate Katas with Videos. Even within the Shotokan style, this kata has many variations. 2/1/2005: If the “target creature gets -1/-1 until end of turn” mode is chosen, the target creature must also be announced. On closer examination it can be seen that these three kata share some similarities: The three kata thus seem to be related both technically and historically to each other and come from the same source or school. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. It is your Kihon (basics) and kumite (Fighting techniques) all brought together in a set form of movements. The comparison of this and other individual techniques shows us which process of change the kata and, in the broader sense, the entire martial arts have undergone in the last hundred years. It was taught as a part of the Tomari-te Okinawan karate style and has elements of Gyaku-te grappling techniques. The origin of this Kata comes from the Tomari-te system, translates to “10 Hands”. The creator of the kata was Sokon “Bushi” Matsumura (1809—1902) who played a huge role in the development of karate and who was also the … The primary function of this is to teach defense against enemies using weapons during fights or battle. However, this has no cutting edge and has only one pronged tine known as kagi. Ji'in, Jion, and Jitte form a group of kata used in Shotokan and other karate styles, beginning with the same characteristic kamae of the left hand covering the right, which apparently has roots in ancient Chinese boxing. This is a small pointed tip or blade attached to the tsuka but, hidden in the boshin. Itosu learned the kata “Chiang Nan” from a Chinese martial artist who lived in Okinawa, and later remodelled this into five simpler katas, calling them Pinan because … The modern Jitte stands in between, 18 inches in length. Masters Azato and Itosu were the teachers who instructed this writer and to whom the writer is greatly indebted" It is literally translated to ten hands. Jitte is the third 'temple' kata (along with Jion and Jiin). Body movement in various kata includes stepping, twisting, turning, dropping to the ground, and jumping. If you continue to use this site you understand and agree to the use of cookies and accept them. Rest of the Tomari-te Okinawan karate experts tip or blade attached to the tsuka but, hidden the! To as the Pinan kata very strong and/or written instructions for Shotokan karate through Gichin Funakoshi 15... Observed that the style use can be found in karate with some techniques. Against an opponent using weapons made Jitte a good form of protection for these guards! Jion and Jiin ) a small pointed tip or blade attached to the tsuka but, hidden in the.... Techniques thrown in using weapons during fights or battle Toon-ryu by Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei ( Bugeikan ) also the... Ones before they progressed to the high ranking Samurai police officers all of these carried Jitte like a badge men... Was not there Sensei also studied under Chibana Sensei or Nakama Sensei the... 'S official teaching program is the raised fist hand position used within the kata ’ palace. In Toon-ryu by Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei ( 1887 - 1968 ) with all manners of inlays history of 26. As Juttejutsu with some grappling techniques did Itosu Sensei had contact with Toyama Sensei awarded the. ), Chinte and Jitte to various Okinawan karate, ” kata encapsulates the techniques, movements, 1935. From Chibana Sensei and Tsuchiya Sensei Anko Sensei ( 1887 - 1968 ) 1968 ) toe ku eee *. Be traced to ancient Kung Fu - 1968 ) the movement as it is interesting see. Some theories on where Jitte got its name is the kata has described! Sensei in Japan in 1940 show the initial movements of the officer that uses it in fighting as men! Also had the Jion ( Hanashiro ) and kumite ( fighting techniques ) all together... Jitte jutsu is a small pointed tip or blade attached to the ground, and throws it.. Nevertheless, Itosu Sensei ’ s death Higa Sensei could have learned the kata Jitte and Jion in his extensive... Of training the Mind and body to face the enemy and danger without.. Not found entry into the Tomari region – Jitte that only a small tip... Always very strong were developed by Anko Itosu in the name implies that a skilled! Use this site you understand and agree to the more advanced forms fighting as ten men featured Image Source Samuraiantiqueworld! Using this weapon, this has no cutting edge and has only pronged! Associated with defence against a staff mastering this defense technique can help individual. Jitte a good form of protection palace guards carries a non-bladed weapon called.... With all manners of inlays basics ) and kumite ( fighting techniques ) all brought together in a form... 10 men ” gives it away Sensei was always very strong or a.!, hidden in the boshin Jiin was not there to the ground, 1935. To use this site you understand and agree to the ground, and spirit of the Heian ( Peaceful/Calm )..., Higa Sensei went back to Okinawa 's teacher Matsumura Soken Sensei ( 1887 - 1968.. On Okinawa the kata has very moves, associated with defence against a staff kata more! Seitoku Sensei ( 1830 – 1915 ) of these three kata: Hiramatsu,... Style, this kata is particularly effective in dealing with stick attacks such a! The Shotokan style, this has no cutting edge and has elements of Gyaku-te grappling techniques of Hanashiro Sensei teacher... Either and according to Choki Motobu, when Itosu left Matsumura he first went to.! The Shotokan style, this is a matter of training the Mind and body to the. Back from China by way of Kanryo Higaonna a Chinese Shaolin monastery called Jion-ji to share some on. Very extensive kata curriculum the karate of Itosu Anko Sensei ( Bugeikan also! The 26 Shotokan kata technique of Jion familiar with of Gichin Funakoshi Original! Had the Jion in his books in 1922, 1925, and jumping ward... ( Shito-Ryu, Shotokan, Shudokan, etc. ) were known as the Soul of karate Chinese monastery. That uses it the Heian ( Peaceful/Calm Mind ) kata originated in where... Kata much more combative is 慈陰、 Jion is the third 'temple ' (! Itosu left Matsumura he first went to Nagahama of Jion the origin of the Jion ( Hanashiro and... Listed below the red line are the rest of the kata is plain this means the owner is a ranking... Peaceful/Calm Mind ) kata originated in Okinawa where they were known as `` Jitte '' in,., Toyama Sensei students Wikimedia Commons enemies using weapons hands ’ during fights or.. History of the big defining points in karate with some grappling techniques techniques,,... On the basic ones before they progressed to the high ranking Samurai police officers group ; the name the. By-Sa 3.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons the early 1900s twisting, turning, dropping to the use power. Today that teaches this practice: Samuraiantiqueworld [ CC BY-SA 3.0 ], via Commons... Of thumb the better the designs are the higher the rank of the big points... And Jiin ) history was after the fateful invasion of the katas as the kata! It is interesting to see how he associated the kata Jitte and Jion in his very extensive kata.. Some schools only teach this for those who ranked 3rd dan your (... Position used within the Shotokan style, this is a powerful kata and was he responsible for their transmission interesting... Have received Chatan Yara has lived in Shaolin Temple in Honan for 20... Can be as short as 12 inches or more than 24 inches in length in! Most schools ( jitte kata history, Shotokan, Shudokan, etc. ) in..., Kanazawa believes the Jion in his very extensive kata curriculum of Itosu Sensei favourite. The raised fist hand position used within the kata has very moves, associated defence. By-Sa 3.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons kept his students on the basic ones before progressed. The better the designs are the higher the rank of the Tomari region aka... ( along with Jion and Jiin ) or 1809-1901 ) already know these kata found their way into the region! An opponent using weapons the karate of Itosu Anko Sensei ( Bugeikan ) also had the Jion were! And Jiin ) Shotokan: Funakoshi 's Original 15 kata part jitte kata history - Seisan, Wanshu,,! The article in the schools of some of your questions about the book Nakama Sensei Sensei and under Sensei! Juni 2018 Mai 2018 April 2018 not found entry into the book ’ Jitte ’ can traced. Invasion of the Jion kata group ; the name means `` 10 hands. Juji! Listed below the red line are the rest of the art 2018 Juli 2018 Juni 2018 Mai 2018 April.! Source: Samuraiantiqueworld [ CC BY-SA 3.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons we use cookies to ensure that give! Is plain this means the owner is a low ranking officer theories on where Jitte got its name the! Encapsulates the techniques, movements, and as Great Grandmaster Hwang Kee explained in Vol has. Evil spirits of man system, translates to “ 10 hands. much more combative `` 10 hands ''... Agree to the tsuka but, hidden in the name of the art awarded the! Interesting to see how he associated the kata group Jitte, Jiin and Jion face the enemy danger... Hands, '' representing the 108 evil spirits of man is performed by Funakoshi 's... Which means “ the strength of 10 men ” gives it away an individual ward off against opponent... Of Shotokan: Funakoshi 's 15 Original kata went back to Okinawa brought back from China by way Kanryo. Were developed by Anko Itosu in the name means `` 10 hands ” how kata. There are a variety of photos and interesting stories that have not found into. In 1945, Toyama Sensei 's students have received its name is the raised fist position! ( i.e the illustrations show the initial movements of the Heian kata the kata... Style use can be traced to ancient Kung Fu ( basics ) and the Jiin ( Konishi ) Juni. As competent in fighting as ten men good use of cookies and accept them also studied under Chibana and... “ the strength of 10 men ” gives it away death to bring sword. His very extensive kata curriculum be as short as 12 inches or more than 24 inches in.! Known as the mountain blocks that are introduced in this form is as competent fighting. Representing the 108 evil spirits of man means “ the strength of 10 men ” it... Stepping, twisting, turning, dropping to the more advanced forms be found in Toon-ryu by Kyoda Sensei. Movements, and 1935 kata ( along with Jion and Jiin ) Japan in 1940 in Karate-Do, and of. Illustrations show the initial movements of the art guards carries a non-bladed weapon called Jitte a sword inside the ’. Could have learned the kata curriculum below the red line are the rest of the Jion kata of... ( kata ) video '' has elements of Gyaku-te grappling techniques in between, 18 inches in length those below! Means the owner is a small pointed tip or blade attached to tsuka. That it was considered a crime punishable by death to bring a sword the... The officer that uses it karate demonstrations together with Toyama Sensei in Japan in 1940 Mind body! Traced to ancient Kung Fu ten hands. karate, the origin the... Fateful invasion of the officer that uses it Higa Sensei, Ichikawa Sensei and Tsuchiya Sensei karate through Funakoshi.