Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Iceland is home to one of the world’s oldest democracies; established in 930. Iceland is an island in Northern Europe that is located in the Atlantic Ocean near the Arctic circle. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Iceland has an unusually rich folklore and thanks to 19th century scholars Jon Arnason and Magnus Grimsson, we know quite a lot about it. Ireland, not Iceland, is known as the Emerald Isle. The horses in Iceland have unique features because of the fact that their forefathers were descendants of horses that were brought from Europe. In a pre-emptive strike codenamed “Operation Fork,” hundreds of British troops landed in the capital city of Reykjavik on the morning of May 10, 1940, and then arrested German citizens and spread inland without resistance. Iceland was the first settlement of Vikings who emigrated from Norway in the medieval times. The area covered by Vatnajökull (Vatna Glacier), the country’s largest, is equal to the combined total area covered by all the glaciers on the continent of Europe. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The glaciers are a reminder of Iceland’s proximity to the Arctic Circle, which nearly touches its northernmost peninsula. Iceland’s rugged coastline, of more than 3,000 miles (4,800 km), meets the Greenland Sea on the north, the Norwegian Sea on the east, the Atlantic Ocean on the south and west, and the Denmark Strait—which separates it from Greenland by about 200 miles (320 km)—on the northwest. Because of its extensive lava fields and heaths, the southwest has little farmland. Iceland is known for a lot of things, geologically it is known for volcanoes, glaciers and hot springs. The resulting “Haze Famine” killed 9,000 people—a fifth of the country’s population—and led the Danish government to briefly consider evacuating the island’s remaining residents to Denmark. On this map you can see where Iceland is in Northern Europe. Reykjavik is known as being Iceland's commercial, governmental and cultural center. The volcanoes, reaching deep into the unstable interior of the Earth, are explained by the fact that Iceland is located on top of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Its average elevation is 1,640 feet (500 metres) above sea level, but one-fourth of the country lies below 650 feet (198 metres). Madagascar is host of a vast and unusual mixture of exotic flora and fauna. Traditionally, Iceland has been divided according to the four points of the compass. The Icelandic sagas, most of which recount heroic episodes that took place at the time the island was settled, are regarded as among the finest literary achievements of the Middle Ages, reflecting a European outlook while commemorating the history and customs of a people far removed from continental centres of commerce and culture. The highest point is 6,952 feet (2,119 metres), at Hvannadals Peak, the top of Öræfajökull in Vatnajökull. With a population of mere 320 thousand and having been under foreign rule up until 1944, Icelanders can be quite sensitive when it comes to measuring themselves against other (and bigger) countries. The sweaters are … Iceland is largely a tableland broken up by structural faults. On The sidewalks in Iceland, sometimes you feel very warm spots because of the underground hot springs! The eastern fjords resemble the western fjords but have, in addition, an inner lowland. However, the tourist … Omissions? More than half of the country’s livestock died. ... 10 Things You May Not Know About the Lincoln Assassination. crofts standing at the foot of the mountains or sheltering on the southern slope of a ridge, each with a little brook running through the home-field, marshy land beyond, and a river flowing smoothly through the marsh. All free and law-abiding citizens could attend as the assembly passed laws and administered justice. The occupation force eventually grew to 25,000 British and Canadian troops before the United States took over the occupation on July 7, 1941, five months before the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The early settlement, made up primarily of Norwegian seafarers and adventurers, fostered further excursions to Greenland and the coast of North America (which the Norse called Vinland). Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Iceland, Iceland - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Iceland - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Source(s): https://shrink.im/baKr5. 10 Florida Beaches that are Great for Avoiding Crowds. The new island grew to about 1 square mile (2.5 square km) in area and rose more than 560 feet (170 metres) above sea level, a total of 950 feet (290 metres) from the ocean floor. Here are 10 things you need to be aware of before visiting Iceland. The appeal of Lopapeysas in Iceland’s cold, wet climate is due to a unique quality of Icelandic sheep. Iceland is fairly well known for being liberal when it comes to sexual issues, so it may come as a surprise to outsiders that their government voted to ban strip clubs. For two weeks every summer, chieftains from across Iceland convened in an outdoor assembly on the plains of Thingvellir, a rift valley east of Reykjavik where the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates converge. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Click the next ARROW to see the next photo! Iceland’s deep literary tradition dates back to its legendary medieval sagas, which told the stories of the country’s original Norse settlers, and the BBC reports that 1 out of every 10 Icelanders will publish a book during their lifetimes. They are as diverse as they are many, and they are all worth a visit. The largest, Deildartunguhver, emits nearly 50 gallons (190 litres) of boiling water per second. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Although increasingly integrated into the European mainstream, Icelanders take care to preserve their traditions, customs, and language. The glaciers range in size from those in small mountain recesses to the enormous glacial caps topping extensive mountain ranges. Aline. The landscape in basaltic areas is one of plateau and fjord, characterized by successive layers of lava visible one above the other on the valley sides. Icelandic rye bread, or rúgbrauð, is a staple for Icelandic cuisine. As Iceland celebrates the 70th anniversary of its independence, explore 10 surprising facts about the island nation. It is also known as being the world's "Greenest City" for its use of hydro and geothermal power. Aurora borealis over the Snaefellsnes peninsula, western Iceland, March 2013. The island is most famous for Piton de la Fournaise (literally meaning "Peak of the Furnace"), which is locally known as "le Volcan" (The Volcano). It took two decades for Iceland’s population to recover. Iceland has a small economy that is subject to high volatility. Most of the buildings erected since the mid-20th century have been built of reinforced concrete and designed to withstand severe shocks from earthquakes. Iceland was founded more than 1,000 years ago during the Viking age of exploration and settled by a mixed Norse and Celtic population. Sparkling glaciers, such as Vatna Glacier (Vatnajökull), Europe’s largest, lie across its ruggedly beautiful mountain ranges; abundant hot geysers provide heat for many of the country’s homes and buildings and allow for hothouse agriculture year-round; and the offshore Gulf Stream provides a surprisingly mild climate for what is one of the northernmost inhabited places on the planet. These names include colloquial, formal, and poetic forms: Eylenda, fem.—island, that is to say Iceland [citation needed] Stephan G. Stephansson Fjarst í eilífðar útsæ vakir eylendan þín. Iceland What is known for December 5, 2006. The depressed zones between the basalt areas have extensive plateaus above which rise single volcanoes, table mountains, or other mountain masses with steep sides. Its population is surpassed by countries such as Luxembourg, Fiji and Brunei and more than 50 American cities, including New Orleans, Tulsa and the California home of Disneyland. 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